Morphine Addiction

Morphine is an opioid used to treat both acute and chronic pain. It can be taken orally, by injection into a muscle, by injection under the skin, intravenously, injection into the space around the spinal cord or rectally.] Maximum effect is reached after about 20 minutes when given intravenously and after 60 minutes when given orally. Morphine’s duration is generally 3–7 hours, however long-acting formulations also exist.

Potentially serious side effects include decreased respiratory effort and low blood pressure. Morphine is addictive and prone to abuse. If the dose is reduced after long-term use, opioid withdrawal symptoms may occur. Common side effects include drowsiness, vomiting, and constipation. Caution is advised when used during pregnancy or breast feeding, as morphine may affect the baby.

Morphine was named after the Greek god of dreams, Morpheus, for its tendency to cause sleep. The drug was first isolated between 1803 and 1805 and first commercially marketed in 1827. Morphine became more widely used after the invention of the hypodermic syringe in 1853–1855.

Morphine is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines. That means it’s one of the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. Like other opioids, morphine is highly addictive. In fact, about 70 percent of morphine is used to make other opioids, including hydromorphone, oxymorphone, and heroin.

Did you know that most morphine is used to make other opioids, including heroin?
It’s true.

Don’t Let Morphine Wreck Your World.
Call ALEF Now.

Morphine Side Effects

Morphine can produce potentially serious side effects, including decreased respiratory effort and low blood pressure.

Other more common side effects include:
  • Cramps
  • Constipation
  • Drowsiness
  • False or unusual sense of well-being
  • Relaxed and calm feeling
  • Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • Weight loss
Other less frequent side effects of morphine use are change of vision, muscle stiffness or tightness, stomach discomfort and trouble sleeping.

Morphine Abuse

If a person is abusing morphine, you may find pill bottles or pills or syringes. Since morphine also comes in a liquid form, you may also find small bottles of morphine sulfate liquid. There are dozens of different pills and capsules that contain morphine, including Avinza capsules (half white and either blue, dark green, light blue, yellow or red), Kadian capsules (light blue, turquoise, purple, brown or pink), MS Contin pills (gray, light blue, purple, or orange) and Oramorph pills or patch. Generic morphine comes in a variety of colors and shapes.

Even when following doctor’s orders, a person using morphine can still become addicted in a little as a few weeks.

Symptoms of morphine abuse include:
  • Shallow breathing
  • Feeling faint or dizzy
  • Confusion
  • Low blood pressure
  • Constricted pupils
  • Loss of normal muscle tension
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cold and clammy skin
  • Circulatory collapse
  • Coma
Symptoms of morphine withdrawal include:
  • Sweating
  • Chills
  • Tearing eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Restlessness
  • Muscle aches
  • Backache
  • Irritability
  • High blood pressure
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps

Morphine Addiction is a Serious Matter.
Call ALEF For Help.

ALEF is fully committed to effectively treating morphine addiction, in every capacity. And we’re proud to be at the forefront of the fight against opioid use disorder.

Morphine - Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Centers